Drug Enforcement Administration
Drug Enforcement Administration is also known as DEA. This agency was established by President Richard Nixon on July 1, 1973. Main objectivesof theDrug Enforcement Administrationareto create a single federal agency forimplementing federal drug legislations and regulations as well as to coordinate drug control activities of government. DEA is also responsible for introducing the criminal and civil justice system to the organization dealing with manufacture, growing or distribution of controlled substance in United States of America. At first headquarter of the DEA was located at Washington, D.C., but now it is relocated in Arlington, Virginia across from the Pentagon. The Drug Enforcement Administration is directed by an Administrator of Drug Enforcement selected by the president of the United States of America and the U.S. Senate. The administrator ; assisted by a deputy administrator, a chief inspector, a chief of operations and three numbers of assistant administrators; reports to Attorney General through the Deputy Attorney General.
The Drug Enforcement Administration provides special training and comprehensive education to the DEA agents, law enforcement personnel, state or local police and other officials for their work. One DEA special agent must have good academic, leadership, and decision making skill. They must also pass firearms qualification test. Job applicant, having history of using any kind of drugs which are not medically prescribed, is not qualified for DEA. For selection of DEA special agent polygraph test is usually done.This agency has a number of laboratories for drug analysis and it also maintains airplanes used to provide electronic, air-based aid to local, state and federal law enforcement agencies. DEA has accentuated on asset forfeiture i.e. loss of property without compensation, as assets acquired through the forfeiture are sold and money is added to Asset Forfeiture Fund. This fund is meant for those who are crime victim as well as for the funding of law enforcement programs.
The Drug Enforcement Administration concentrates into international enforcement programs, as import of controlled substance is the main source of illegal drugs. For this reason it has about twenty one domestic field divisions with two hundred and twenty seven field offices and about eighty six foreign offices in sixty two countries. This agency keeps in touch with Interpol or international police organization and the United Nations. DEA also maintain contacts with Counter Terrorist Unit as many terrorists are involved in drug trade.