Are Theistic Explanations compatible or incompatible with Scientific Explanations?
According to Corey, there are many theories which explain how the world and everything in it came into existence. Philosophers, theologians and scientists, have come up with the many sensible explanations that can be widely accepted, through research work and interpretation of various historical events. Theist explanations propose the existence of a supreme being known as God, who is the ultimate creator of the universe. This explanation is based on beliefs, revelation and faith in the Supreme Being. On the other hand, scientific explanations are based on research, evidence and empiricism which can be tested and re-tested for reliability.
Past evidence shows that there has been a great debate whether there is any relationship between theism and science. This debate and arguments are documented in many research papers available in books and publications. However, with progress and advancement in knowledge, many scholars of this present century believe that theistic explanations and scientific explanations are compatible, and they work hand in hand to build up the body of knowledge. Science purposely explains existing facts about the empirical world. Science helps human beings to understand the world that came into existence after a supreme being established it in the beginning of time. The theory of creation is best explained in theistic explanations where an all knowing and all powerful God made the universe. Scientific explanations explore various facts through intense research work and establish theories that make up the body of knowledge about the existing universe.
Scientists discover things that already existed. Scientific laws lay a foundation of principles and facts based on experiments and observations. Some of the assumptions made in science may not be fully explained by scientific explanations only. It requires theistic explanation for it to make sense for human beings to comprehend fully. For instance, there is the notion of morality. Where did it begin from and who established standards of what is right and what is wrong. The natural conscience the man has, helps him in deciding issues of morality. This conscience can be explained by theistic explanations and science expounds on moral behavior through establishing principles like how personality and the environment shape the behavior of an individual. Thus, science and theism may not necessarily conflict but they are complimentary to each other. Science investigates the claims of theistic explanations about the natural world. Science gives answers about phenomena encountered in the natural world.