What Is an Analytical Expository Essay?

An analytical expository essay is a piece of writing that seeks to analyze issues, events, or concepts. It should not be based on opinion or emotion and is not the same as creative writing, in that it should be styled in a more formal and systematic way, and rely on facts and examples. The reader should come away feeling like they have a deeper understanding of the topic, and hopefully – if it’s a unique and strong piece of writing – seen something new that they didn’t think of or know before.

Some examples of analytical expository essay topics include:

  • Describe the social and personal consequences and problems that obesity can cause.
  • Explain how communication has changed in the past 2 decades.
  • Define a major environmental problem or social issue and how it should be resolved.
  • Illustrate the causes and consequences of not voting in elections.
  • Explore why mathematics is an important subject to learn.
  • What are the negative consequences, socially and personally, of smoking marijuana?

The structure of the essay should take on the following form:


Familiarize the reader with the topic and describe what you plan to analyze and explore throughout your essay. Don’t be too general – focus on an achievable area for the scope of your essay.


Explore all of the concepts and points that back up your analysis, focusing on one clear point in each paragraph. Most people begin with the most important aspect and progress to the lesser factors. Explain each point in detail, providing support and evidence to back them up. Summarize each point after you have explored it, and make connections between each point, so that they flow together smoothly and back each other up.


Summarize the findings of your essay and evaluate all factors, drawing your analysis to a close. Let the reader know what they have come away with and how your essay has added to their knowledge.


  • Avoid using your opinion as evidence and avoid bringing too much emotion into the analysis.
  • Stick to evidence, facts, and examples. They will be the backbone of your essay.
  • Write in the third person voice, avoiding statements such as “I believe” or “I think” as these will only weaken the validity of your points.
  • Be clear and concise, focusing on strong points, and drawing them out in detail.