An academic guide on how to write a bibliography for a research paper

A bibliography is a list of references where all the sources used in the research paper should be mentioned. The main reason for creating a bibliography is the necessity to show that all the data in your research paper were accurately cited and belong to other authors. Otherwise, you may be held responsible for plagiarism. According to the APA and MLA styles, there are several requirements for writing a bibliography. The following patterns are most widely used while preparing a list of sources that were used in the research paper:

  • the bibliography is located at the end of the research paper;
  • the first page of the bibliography must have a title (either “Bibliography” or “References”);
  • all the sources used in the text should be alphabetized (depending on the last name of the author);
  • all the lines of the bibliography must have an indent (except the first line);
  • a single space must be used after any punctuation mark;
  • if the link or the name of the source is too long, and cannot be set within a line, it should be divided by means of a hyphen or a slash;

It is necessary to remember that a bibliography comprises not only the works that were cited in the research paper, but all the sources used in the process of preparing it.

Now, let’s have a more detailed view on the patterns of indicating different sources in the bibliography:

  1. A book: Author’s last name, author’s first name. (Year of publication) Title. Publisher’s city: name of the publishing house. Numbers of pages used in the research paper.
  2. Joyce, James. (2010) Ulysses. London: Wordsworth Editions Limited. pp. 5-19.

  3. A magazine: last name of the author, first name of the author. “Title of the article”. Name of the magazine. Volume number, (date): Numbers of pages that were used in the research paper.
  4. Collins, John. “100 richest families in the USA”. Forbes. Number 6, (June, 2009): pp. 25-26.

  5. An encyclopaedia: Title, Date of edition, Volume number, “Title of the article”, Numbers of pages used in the research paper.
  6. The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1997. Volume 6, “The DNA”, pp. 43-45.

  7. Internet resource: URL. Name of the author (in case it is mentioned), date.
  8. Do not forget to keep a record of all the books and other sources you are using in your paper, so there are no difficulties in assembling your bibliography at the end of your work.